Russia finalized its withdrawal from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe on Tuesday, declaring the Cold War-era agreement null and void nearly two decades after Moscow suspended the armistice.

The Russian Foreign Ministry issued a statement overnight, saying the historic peace accord ratified in 1990 between NATO and Warsaw Pact alliance countries, including the former Soviet Union, “has finally become history for Russia.”

In a related move, the Kremlin also revoked two other longstanding agreements, including the Budapest Agreement of Nov. 3, 1990, and the Flank Document of May 31, 1996 — which were designed to address issues related to arms control and disarmament that had persisted in the years after World War II.

In response to Russia’s decision, NATO said it intends to suspend operation of the treaty “for as long as necessary.”

“While recognizing the role of the CFE as a cornerstone of the Euro-Atlantic security architecture, a situation whereby Allied States Parties abide by the Treaty while Russia does not, would be unsustainable.

Russia said its moves were prompted by the recent expansion of NATO, which added Finland in April and expanded the bloc’s border with Russia.

The shakeup takes place amid a growing effort to bring Sweden and Ukraine" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Ukraine into the international body, which would serve to deter the Russians from further military aggressions throughout Europe.

Russia now claims the expansion efforts were circumventing legal restrictions declared in the disarmament agreements from three decades ago.

In its statement, the Foreign Ministry blamed NATO and the United States for provoking Russia’s departure from the treaties, saying Washington sought to maintain the original terms, which were favorable to the West, while attempting to extract additional concessions from Russia regarding troop withdrawals in post-Soviet states.

Back in Washington, the U.S. State Department expressed deep concerns over Russia’s sudden reversal on the international truce that brought decades of stability to Eastern Europe by limiting any nation from building an indomitable military force in the region.

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