The U.S. Senate passed a bill on Tuesday that would protect federal recognition of same-sex marriage, a measure taken up in response to worries the Supreme Court could overturn a 2015 decision that legalized it nationwide.

The narrowly tailored bill, which would require the federal government to recognize a marriage if it was legal in the state in which it was performed, is meant to be a backstop if the Supreme Court acted against same-sex marriage.

It would not bar states from blocking same-sex or interracial marriages if the Supreme Court allowed them to do so.

The bill will give “millions of same sex and interracial couples the confidence and certainty that they need that their marriages are and will in the future continue to be valid,” Democratic Senator Tammy Baldwin, one of the lead negotiators on the bill, said ahead of the bill’s passage on Tuesday.

Baldwin is the first openly gay person elected to the U.S. Senate.

A similar, but not identical, bill passed the House of Representatives earlier this year with support from 47 Republicans and all Democrats. The House would need to approve the Senate version before it is sent to President Joe Biden to sign into law.

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